TY - CPAPER
PB - ASAE
CY - St. Joseph, MI
AU - E. Buschiazzo, Daniel
AU - M. Zobeck, Ted
TI - Airborne Horizontal Mass Flux Calculated With Different Equations
T3 - ASABE Paper No. 052049
DO - https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.18903
PY - 2005
KW - Wind Erosion
KW - Saltation
KW - Airborne Dust
KW - Horizontal Mass Flux
UR - https://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=18903&t=5
AB - The quantification of airborne material passing by a vertical plane as a function of height, the horizontal mass flux (HMF), is essential in measuring field wind erosion. Two commonly used equations to calculate HMF are : Q = a Z-b [1], where Q is the amount of dust collected, Z the height, and a and b are regression coefficients: and Q = fo(1 + (Z/ ¥ò) ¡©©¬ [2] where fo = is the movement of the soil at the soil surface, ¥ò and ©¬ are regression coefficients. Since the integration of the eroded material as a function of height can be performed from 0 (surface) with equation [2] but not with equation [1], an evaluation of these equations is needed because different HMF estimates often occur among equations. Calculations were made for 28 storms using dust samplers placed at heights of a) 13.5, 50 and 150 cm (Q3) and b) 0.15, 0.7, 1.5, 7, 12, 22.5, 13.5, 50 and 150 cm (Q9). HMF calculated with equations [1] and [2] correlated well but HMF of equation [1] were 40 to 55% lower than those of equation [2]. The averaged fitting of the amount of transported material with height was lower and more variable when using equation [1] than when using equation [2]. These results showed that HFM obtained with equation [1] are highly dependent on sampling height, and need to be corrected on the basis of data obtained closer to the surface before they can be used to test wind erosion prediction models, unlike HMF obtained using equation [2].
ER -