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Exhaust Gas Emissions and Health Effects from Biodiesel, Fossil Diesel Fuel, and Swedish Low Sulfur Diesel Fuel MKI

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  026082,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.9771) @2002
Authors:   Jürgen Krahl, A. Munack, O. Schröder, H. Stein, M. Dutz, J. Bünger
Keywords:   Biodiesel, diesel fuel, Swedish low sulfur diesel fuel, exhaust gas emissions, particle number distribution, mutagenic potency, ozone precursors, RME

In Germany more than 500.000 tons of biodiesel (rape seed oil methylester, RME) were produced in 2001. More than 600.000 tons are expected in 2002. In the U.S.A. biodiesel derives from both, rape seed oil and soy bean oil. It is necessary to judge the environmental and health effects that derive from the use of biodiesel in combustion engines. A comparison of regulated and non regulated emissions and of the mutagenic potency of particulate matter has been carried out at the example of a state of the art diesel engine. As fuels European diesel fuel (DIN EN 590), Swedish low sulfur diesel fuel (MKI) and rapeseed oil methylester were tested.

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