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RENEWABLE ENERGY UTILIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Paper number  028055,  2002 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.9217) @2002
Authors:   Kamaruddin Abdullah
Keywords:   agro-processing, renewable energy, capacity building, small industry

Although Indonesia is a member of OPEC but within the next 10 years or so it is projected that the country will become a net oil importer. Fortunately, the country is also blessed with potential amount of renewable energy sources, which can be tapped immediately to support sustainable development of the region within the country. It is estimated that renewable energy potential in Indonesia comprises of approximately 459 MW from micro hydro, 20000 MW from geothermal, and 885 GJ/ year from biomass In addition, solar energy is available almost all year round with a rate of about 4.8 kWh/m2/day while wind energy with > 4m/s can be found in East Nusatenggara, West Nusatenggara, South and Southeast Sulawesi, the Northern and Southern part of Java.

Biomass energy is being utilized effectively in oil palm and sugar plantations while solar PV and micro-hydro have been promoted for rural electrification program. The paper will present the current status of renewable energy development and utilization in Indonesia with emphasize on field experiences on renewable energy applications to provide energy supply for small agro-processing units. The main objective of the project was to promote capacity building and empowerment of small and medium industries and cooperatives using locally available resources.

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