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Water Tables and Drainage Uniformity in the Everglades Agricultural Area
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 012299, 2001 ASAE Annual Meeting. (doi: 10.13031/2013.7403) @2001
Authors: Raymond Garcia, Forrest Izuno, Panagiotis Scarlatos
Keywords: Organic soils, histosols, water table management, best management practices, drainage uniformity, agricultural runoff, Everglades Agricultural Area
Drainage waters leaving the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) in south Florida
have been implicated as having adverse effects on the adjacent Water Conservation Areas
(WCAs) and the Everglades National Park (ENP). As a result, growers are required by law to
collectively reduce phosphorus (P) levels leaving farms through the implementation of best
management practices (BMPs). Achieving drainage uniformity has been shown to be one of the
most effective BMPs. Four rainfall events with accompanying drainage from each of six sites
were analyzed to quantify and describe the rainfall and drainage events, characterize their effects on the water table system, and determine any relationships between the open channel
drainage system and the field water tables on farms in the EAA.