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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Pp. 515-522 in On-Site Wastewater Treatment, Proc. Ninth Natl. Symp. on Individual and Small Community Sewage Systems (11-14 March 2001, Fort Worth, Texas, USA), ed. K. Mancl., St. Joseph, Mich. ASAE  701P0009.(doi:10.13031/2013.6058)
Authors:   V. I. Nelson
Keywords:   Standards, Innovation, Markets

The economics literature suggests that national agreement on standards is one of the most important needs to stimulate market growth in an emerging industry. High national effluent standards for on-site or cluster wastewater systems for all lots requiring advanced treatment would stimulate product innovation and investment in low-cost production and distribution facilities, particularly if no existing technologies could meet those standards at this time. Some industry professionals have proposed that on-site performance standards be set after treatment in the soils and that these standards should vary with density of development, use of ground or surface water, and other risk-related factors. However, from a market development perspective, the best approach is a simplified set of effluent standards prior to release into the soils, coupled with prescriptive requirements for where these standards should be mandated and for the design of soil-absorption systems. Agreement on these and related management standards should be facilitated by regulatory-industry-academic partnerships and should be informed by increased research into fate and transport and relative risks from nutrient and pathogen releases into the environment.

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