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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Pp. 332-339 in On-Site Wastewater Treatment: Proc. 9th Nat. Symp. Individual and Small Community Sewage Systems (11-14 March 2001, Fort Worth, Texas, USA), ed. Karen Mancl. St. Joseph, Michigan: ASAE  701P0009.(doi:10.13031/2013.6042)
Authors:   K. Mancl, S. Patterson
Keywords:   Inspection, Onsite sewage treatment, Recordkeeping, Wastewater management, Iowa

The Lake Panorama Onsite Wastewater Management District was formed in 1980. At the time it was formed about 300 homes were built at the lake development. Lake Panorama currently has 678 single family homes, 3 condo units, a church camp, beaches, 2 golf courses, 2 campgrounds, offices and maintenance buildings. Nearly all of the residential, non-residential and condo units use soil absorption systems. Once all systems were located, inspected and updated, inspections were found to be simple and quick. Beginning in 1986 inspections were conducted of all systems serving full-time residences every year and systems serving part-time residences every 2 years. During inspections the sanitarian checks the pump, looks for changes in landscaping, evidence of sewage surfacing and opens the inspection ports to check for sewage ponding. Septic tanks are opened for inspections every 3 years for full-time and 6 years for part-time residences. Each inspection takes about 10 to 15 minutes to complete. Estimated inspection costs were $30 per dwelling per year. System performance has been very good over the 18 years since inspections began. The malfunction rate, where seepage or a bleedout of sewage was detected during an annual inspection, was 1%.

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