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Engineering Control Technologies to Protect Operators in Agricultural All-Terrain Vehicle Rollovers

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health. 27(3): 177-201. (doi: 10.13031/jash.14189) @2021
Authors:   Farzaneh Khorsandi, Paul D. Ayers, Melvin L. Myers, Stephen Oesch, David J. White
Keywords:   . Agriculture, All-terrain vehicle, ATV, CPD, Crush protection device, OPD, Quad bike, Safety.

Rollovers are the leading cause of injury and fatality in farm all-terrain vehicle (ATV) incidents.

Engineering technologies to prevent rollovers or protect the operator in ATV crashes were reviewed in this study.

The advances in safety for ATVs are correlated with improvements in stability, handling, and crashworthiness.

Operator protection devices and crash notification systems can protect the operator in ATV rollover incidents.

Abstract. All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) are the second most common source of injury, following tractors, in U.S. agriculture. Rollovers are the leading cause of death in farm ATV incidents, constituting about 85% of ATV-related deaths. There is neither a significant practical solution for ATV rollover crashes in the U.S. nor standards and rules for implementing such a solution. Behavior-based control methods have been used for several decades but have reached their limit of success. Hence, engineering controls are needed to significantly decrease the severity of injuries in ATV rollover incidents (as in tractor incidents). In this study, engineering technologies to protect the operator in agricultural ATV crashes were reviewed. The discussion includes improving crash testing and stability ratings, evaluating static stability of ATVs, dynamic handling tests of ATVs, using automatic systems to notify first responders of a crash, and testing and applying operator protection devices. The available standards, rules, and recommendations related to these technologies around the world are also discussed.

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