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Overview and Prospect of biomass gasification for methane production

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2021 ASABE Annual International Virtual Meeting  2100127.(doi:10.13031/aim.202100127)
Authors:   Chong Li, Jing Lin, Decheng Wang
Keywords:   Biomass, Energy, Gasification, Methanation

Abstract. In recent years, as an important renewable energy source, biomass energy has received extensive attention due to its ability to be converted into three different forms: solid, liquid, and gas. Therefore, countries continue to explore the technology of biomass conversion and utilization. The main sources of biomass are firewood, forage grass, agricultural straw, livestock manure and so on. With the substantial increase in China's need for natural gas energy, biomass gasification of synthetic natural gas technology has attracted the attention of a large number of scholars. The use of related biomass gasification technology to develop methanation of synthetic gas can reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the environmental aspect. From the aspect of energy, it can improve energy quality and energy calorific value, respond to China's sustainable development strategic requirements, and optimize China's energy structure. With the increasing research on the technology of biomass gasification to methane, people are more and more aware of the better application prospects of this technology. This paper introduces the background, overview and principles of biomass gasification and methane production technology, and discusses the relevant characteristics of biomass gasification methane production technology. The author also believes biomass conversion technology will become a popular research direction in the energy industry in the future.

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