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Design, testing, and commissioning of mobile laboratory for mitigation of gaseous emission from livestock barns with photocatalysis

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2021 ASABE Annual International Virtual Meeting  2100075.(doi:10.13031/aim.202100075)
Authors:   Myeongseong Lee, Jacek A. Koziel, Wyatt Murphy, William S Jenks, Baitong Chen, Peiyang Li, Chumki Banik, Blake Fonken, Ryan Storjohann, Heekwon Ahn
Keywords:   Air pollution control, air quality, volatile organic compounds, odor, environmental technology, advanced oxidation, UV-A; titanium dioxide.

Abstract. Livestock production systems generate nuisance odor and gaseous emissions affecting local communities and regional air quality. Also, there are concerns about the occupational health and safety of farm workers. Proven mitigation technologies that are consistent with the socio-economic challenges of animal farming are needed. We have been scaling up the photocatalytic treatment of emissions from lab-scale, aiming at farm-scale readiness. In this paper, we present the design, testing, and commissioning of a mobile laboratory for on-farm research and demonstration of performance in simulated farm conditions before testing to the farm. The mobile lab is capable of treating up to 1.2 m3·s-1 of air with TiO2-based photocatalysis and adjustable UV-A dose based on LED lamps. We summarize the main technical requirements, constraints, approach, and performance metrics for the mobile laboratory, such as the effectiveness (measured as the percent reduction) and cost of photocatalytic treatment of air. The commissioning of all systems with standard gases resulted in ~9% and 34% reduction of NH3 and butan-1-ol, respectively. We demonstrated that as the percent reduction of standard gases increased with increased light intensity and treatment time. These results show that the mobile laboratory was ready for on-farm deployment and evaluating the effectiveness of UV treatment.

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