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New segmentation and counting algorithm for urediospores of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici based on microimgae processiong

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2018 ASABE Annual International Meeting  1800665.(doi:10.13031/aim.201800665)
Authors:   Yu Lei, Mr., Dongjian He, Dr., Zhifeng Yao, Ms.
Keywords:   Airborne urediospores, microimage processing, wheat stripe rust, segmentation and counting algorithm

Abstract. The accuretely counting of airborne urediniospores of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) in wheat fields is an important process for devising strategies early and effectively controlling wheat stripe rust. This paper proposed a new segmentation and counting algorithm based on microimgae processiong to quantitative counting of airborne urediospores of Pst. Firstly, microimages of urediniospores were collected using portable volumetric spore traps in an indoor simulation. Then, the urediniospores were automatically segmented and counted using a series of image processing approaches, including image segmentation using the K-means clustering algorithm, image pre-processing, the identification of touching urediniospores based on the shape factor and area, and touching urediniospore contour segmentation based on concavity and contour segment merging. Finally, the all ellipse numbers were added up as the number of urediospores. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, that was compared with the watershed transformation method. The experimental results showed that: The lowest counting accuracy of the proposed method was 92.7%, the highest counting accuracy was 100%. The total average counting accuracy was 98.6%, which was an increase of 6 percentage points over that of the watershed transformation algorithm (92.6%). In conclusion, experimental results show that the proposed method is efficient and accurate for the automatic segmentation and counting of trapped urediniospores, which provide technical support for the development of on-line airborne urediospores monitoring equipment.

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