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Plant Localization and Discrimination using 2D+3D Computer Vision for Robotic Intra-row Weed Control

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting  162460814.(doi:10.13031/aim.20162460814)
Authors:   Jingyao Gai, Lie Tang, Brian Steward
Keywords:   Robotic weeding, computer vision, sensor fusion

Abstract. Weed management is vitally important in crop production systems. However, conventional herbicide based weed control can lead to negative environmental impacts. Manual weed control is laborious and impractical for large scale production. Robotic weed control offers a possibility of controlling weeds precisely, particularly for weeds growing near or within crop rows. A computer vision system was developed based on Kinect V2 sensor, using the fusion of two-dimensional textural data and three-dimensional spatial data to recognize and localized crop plants different growth stages. Images were acquired of different plant species such as broccoli, lettuce and corn at different growth stages. A database system was developed to organize these images. Several feature extraction algorithms were developed which addressed the problems of canopy occlusion and damaged leaves. With our proposed algorithms, different features were extracted and used to train plant and background classifiers. Finally, the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed classification methods were demonstrated and validated by experiments.

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