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Surface and Subsurface Inspection of Food Safety and Quality using a Line-Scan Raman System

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2016 ASABE Annual International Meeting  162460315.(doi:10.13031/aim.20162460315)
Authors:   Jianwei Qin, Moon S Kim, Kuanglin Chao, Walter F Schmidt, Stephen R Delwiche
Keywords:   Raman spectroscopy; Chemical imaging; Lasers; Subsurface inspection; Food quality; Food safety.


This paper presents a line-scan Raman platform for food safety and quality research, which can be configured for Raman chemical imaging (RCI) mode for surface inspection and spatially offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS) mode for subsurface inspection. In the RCI mode, macro-scale imaging was achieved using a 785 nm line laser up to 24 cm long with a push-broom method. In the SORS mode, a 785 nm point laser was used and a complete set of SORS data was collected in an offset range of 0–36 mm with a spatial interval of 0.07 mm using one CCD exposure. The RCI and SORS modes share a common detection module including an imaging spectrograph and a CCD camera, covering a Raman shift range from −674 to 2865 cm−1. A pork shoulder and an orange carrot were used to test large-field-of-view (230 mm wide) and high-spatial-resolution (0.07 mm/pixel) settings of the RCI mode for food surface evaluation. Fluorescence-corrected images at selected Raman peaks were used to view Raman-active analytes on the whole sample surfaces (e.g., fat on the pork shoulder and carotenoids over the carrot cross section).Also, a layered sample, which was created by placing a 5 mm thick carrot slice on top of melamine powder, was used to test the SORS mode for subsurface food evaluation. Raman spectra from carrot and melamine were successfully resolved using self-modeling mixture analysis. The line-scan Raman imaging and spectroscopy platform provides a new tool for surface and subsurface inspection for food safety and quality.

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