Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.

If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.


Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Transactions of the ASAE. Vol. 44(2): 217–222 . (doi: 10.13031/2013.4677) @2001
Authors:   A. Degré, O. Mostade, B. Huyghebaert, S. Tissot, C. Debouche
Keywords:   Droplets, Droplet studies, Image processing, Spraying equipment, Sprays, Target, Statistical analysis

Laboratory tests make it possible to compare or evaluate the performances of spraying nozzles (output, transversal distribution, angle, resistance to wear, etc.). The characterization by image processing of the spectrum of droplets deposited on a target is an interesting complementary technique for which the spraying target has great importance. An experiment was conducted to compare three commonly used artificial targets: watersensitive paper, Petri dish containing two silicone oils (according to the ISO Standard 56821), and glass slide. The variability between targets of the same kind was studied through volumetrically similar droplets deposited by means of a micrometric needle. Image processing of spray droplets gave their diameter. A  2 test sorted the three targets in ascending order of variability: silicone oils, glass, and far more variable, the watersensitive paper. A spread factor was calculated for each type of target. The targets were also compared in practical spraying conditions. The median and average diameters, the standard deviation, and the degree of skewness of Fisher were compared by analyzing the variance for pressures ranging between 200 and 400 kPa while maintaining a sprayed volume of 100 l/ha. The choice of target depends on the use envisioned. This study revealed that the Petri dish with silicone oils was appropriate to carry out a precision measurement and to serve as a reference, but its implementation is delicate. The glass slide target was easy to use and had a low variability; however, quick drying of the smallest droplets can limit its use. The watersensitive paper was the easiest to use, but it must be reserved for qualitative observations.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)