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A Review of Ammonia and Particulate Matter Control Strategies for Poultry Housing

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Transactions of the ASABE. 59(1): 329-344. (doi: 10.13031/trans.59.10836) @2016
Authors:   David J. Wood, Bill J. Van Heyst
Keywords:   Air quality, Emissions, Pollution control, Poultry housing.

Abstract. Poultry production has the potential to be a large contributor of ammonia and particulate matter emissions to the atmospheric environment. To understand how to mitigate the emissions of ammonia and particulate matter, it is necessary to conduct a science-based review of the control strategies that are available to poultry producers or are currently being developed. Strategies considered in this article are ventilation, electrostatic precipitators and space charge systems, filtration and biofiltration, litter and manure amendments, management of built-up litter, manure cleanout, litter moisture management, selection of bedding material, oil and water spraying, dietary manipulation, and immunization. Currently, no single strategy can provide high emission reduction and/or control of both ammonia and particulate matter. The reduction and/or control efficiencies summarized here can be used by regional air quality modelers as a first step in determining the effects of reduced emissions on ambient air quality by widespread adoption of the various strategies considered.

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