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Effect of high pressure on destruction kinetics of Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) in cucumber juice

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting  152165157.(doi:10.13031/aim.20152165157)
Authors:   Lingyan Ge, Yong Yu, Hosahalli S. Ramaswamy, Chunfang Wang, Songming Zhu
Keywords:   Pressure, E. coli , Kinetics, Cucumber, Juice

Abstract. Fresh Fresh cucumber juice inoculated with Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) were subjected to high-pressure treatments (100-600 MPa for 0-20 min) at ambient temperature (25°C) and as well as in inoculated frozen samples. Two different types of culture media, brain heart infusion agar (BHIA) and violet red bile agar (VRBA), were used for enumeration of surviving cells. Kinetic parameters (D, z, ΔP and ΔV≠ values) were determined based on the first-order rate kinetics and conventional/Arrhenius models. Survivors on BHIA would indicate both injured and pressure resistant spores while survivors on the harsh VRBA would only indicate the pressure resistant survivors. It was observed that at pressure levels 200 MPa or lower E. coli cells were more injured than killed, and with the increase in pressure treatment severity, only the higher pressure resistant fractions survived. For the pressure ranging from 300 to 500 MPa, the decimal reduction pressure increment was ΔP=42.2-53.5 MPa. BHIA demonstrated 1.36±0.22 min longer of Dpvalue than VRBA, because it included the injured and pressure resistant cells. The E. coli in cucumber juice showed a high Z value (561 MPa for BHIA), meaning a low pressure sensitivity. The E. coli in frozen cucumber juice were more sensitive to pressure destruction than that in the unfrozen juice at ambient temperature.

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