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ARID Raceway Temperature Model Evaluation

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Transactions of the ASABE. 57(1): 333-340. (doi: 10.13031/trans.57.10198) @2014
Authors:   George Khawam, Peter Waller, Said Attalah, Randy Ryan
Keywords:   Algae, ARID raceway, Conventional raceway, Open pond, Reflectance, Temperature model.
<italic>Abstract. </italic>

The ARID (Algae Raceway Integrated Design) raceway temperature model, written in Visual Basic for Applications, calculates algae culture temperature in ARID and conventional raceways as a function of meteorological data from agricultural weather stations. The model is an atmospheric boundary layer model and uses energy balance terms from the Penman-Monteith equation. The original model used evapotranspiration, as calculated by the weather station, and assumed an average daily albedo. In this research, equations for albedo and for direct calculation of evaporation from atmospheric parameters were added to the ARID model. Albedo was calculated with the Fresnel equations. The Penman-Monteith model was adjusted for algae raceway evaporation rather than reference evapotranspiration. The new model components were calibrated with data from a 21-day algae growth experiment in the ARID raceway during winter 2011. The model was also adapted to model variable circulation times and heat transfer through a canal cover. In summary, this research improved and calibrated the ARID temperature model.

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