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Chapter 16: Surface Irrigation

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Pages 375-402 (doi:10.13031/swce.2013.16) in Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, 7th Edition . Copyright 2013 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Mich.
Authors:   Rodney L. Huffman, Delmar D. Fangmeier, William J. Elliot, Stephen R. Workman
Keywords:   Soil, water, conservation, environment, Surface Irrigation, Application of Water, 16.1 Flooding, 16.2 Graded Border Strips, 16.3 Level Border Strips and Level Basins, 16.4 Furrows, Surface Irrigation and the Environment, Design and Evaluation, 16.5 S

Introductory paragraphs: Surface irrigation is an important method of irrigation in most countries with large irrigated areas. In the United States, 44.9% of the irrigation in 2000 was accomplished with surface methods, according to a survey reported by the Irrigation Journal (2001). In the western states, where this percentage is higher, the major water supply for irrigation is surface runoff, usually stored in reservoirs. Since this water must be conveyed for considerable distances, conveyance canals and control structures are key parts of most irrigation systems in arid regions. The hydraulic principles involved in the design of control structures are presented in Chapter 9 and the design of canals in Chapter 6. Groundwater also provides an important source of water for surface irrigation (Chapter 11). Walker and Skogerboe (1987) present a comprehensive review of surface irrigation.

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