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Relationship between biomass feedstock electrical capacitance and bulk density during compression
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Paper number 131593061, 2013 Kansas City, Missouri, July 21 - July 24, 2013. (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/aim.20131593061) @2013
Authors: Yuesheng Tan, Zewei Miao, Tony E. Grift, KC Ting
Keywords: densification physical property biomass conductance moisture content energy crops
A lab-scale hydraulic compressor was built and employed by combining two lateral and two vertically oriented capacitor plates into a mini-bale compression chamber. A MatLab® data acquisition system was developed to record pressure, plunger position and biomass capacitance simultaneously. The experimental design included three feedstock types (Miscanthus, switch grass and sugarcane bagasse), one particle size (ground through a 6.35-mm screen by a hammer mill) and three moisture levels (air-dry (oven-dried at 49°C for 72 h), 13% and 17.5% of moisture content). The results showed significant relationships between biomass capacitance and bulk density during compression. Biomass moisture significantly increased biomass capacitance but did not affect the positive relationships between bulk density and capacitance. The study showed that electrical capacitance may serve as a proxy measure for biomass density.