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Measurement of Combine Losses for Corn and Soybeans in Brazil

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Paper number  131570965,  2013 Kansas City, Missouri, July 21 - July 24, 2013. (doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/aim.20131570965) @2013
Authors:   Marvin R. Paulsen, Francisco A.C. Pinto, Darly G. de Sena Jr., Rodrigo S. Zandonadi, Solenir Ruffato, Anderson Costa, Vilmar A. Ragagnin, Mary-Grace C. Danao
Keywords:   Soybeans corn combines harvesting losses losses post-harvest losses Brazil.

Abstract. Estimated soybean yields at 13% moisture ranged from 2663 to 4861 kg/ha. Pre-harvest losses ranged from 1.0 to 13.6 kg/ ha. Total soybean combine losses ranged from 47.4 to 260.5 kg/ha (1.2 to 5.5% of yield). The headers were the largest contributors to losses with 31 to 247 kg/ha. Shatter losses were the primary cause of losses in the headers and they increase markedly as harvest moistures decreased below 13%. A reduction in ground speed would have enabled soybean cutterbars to run closer to the ground and reduce stubble losses. An achievable reduction in combine harvest losses of 2 bags/ ha has an operator hourly value of U.S. $238 to 277/ hour. Corn yield at 14% moisture ranged from 6937 to 11,044 kg/ha. Pre-harvest ear losses ranged from 0 to 42 kg/ha. Total corn combine losses ranged from 36.2 to 320.6 kg/ha (0.3 to 3.6% of yield). Of this loss, header ear loss accounted for the largest portion with 0 to 237 kg/ha. Reduction in ground speed would benefit separation losses in corn. But not surprisingly, lodged corn can increase header ear losses by more than any other source of loss.

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