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FOREWORD

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  2012 IX International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES IX)  ILES12-0001.(doi:10.13031/2013.42320)
Authors:   María Cambra-López, Richard S. Gates
Keywords:   FOREWORD

. The Ninth International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES IX) held in Valencia, Spain on July 8-12, 2012, was organized in parallel with CIGR EurAgEng 2012 International Conference of Agricultural Engineering. ILES IX continues a symposium series initiated in 1974 by the Structures and Environment Division of the American Society of Agricultural & Biological Engineers (ASABE). In its ninth edition, ILES goal continues to be to provide attendees opportunities to exchange their research discoveries and to foster enhanced worldwide networking among engineers, animal scientists, veterinarians, ethologists, and other professionals who are interested in animal-environment interactions and technologies.

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