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Classification of Vegetable Soybean Based on Hyperspectral Images

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2012 Dallas, Texas, July 29 - August 1, 2012  121340824.(doi:10.13031/2013.42201)
Authors:   Xiangmei Wan, Min Huang, Qibing Zhu, Min Zhang, Jishuan Chen
Keywords:   Hyperspectral imaging, Fuzzy-rough Set, Partial Least Squares Discrimination Analysis, Kennard-Stone algorithm, Vegetable Soybean, Thinness, Thickness, Classification

Thickness is one of the important appearance qualities of vegetable soybeans in the commodity classification. But conventional classification methods for vegetable soybeans are time-consuming and may not be optimal. As a nondestructive and rapid method, hyperspectral imaging technology has been investigated for classification of vegetable soybeans. The research evaluated the classification for vegetable soybeans which is determined by the thickness measurements using the hyperspectral imaing technology. Hyperspectral reflectance images of two hundred vegetable soybean samples between 400 and 1,000nm were acquired using a hyperspectral reflectance imaging system. A fuzzy-rough set model based on the entropy algorithm is proposed to select the optimal wavelengths for the hyperspectral imaging data of vegetable soybeans. Moreover, partial least squares discrimination analysis (PLSDA) model was developed for two-class ('thinness' and 'thickness'). The validation models yielded 85% and 97% classification accuracies for 'thinness' and 'thickness' with full wavelengths (400-1,000 nm), respectively. Better results, 94% and 97% for thinness and thickness, were obtained by validation models with three optimal wavelengths using the fuzzy-rough set algorithm. The simulation results demonstrate that hyperspectral imaging technology is potentially useful for classifying of vegetable soybeans.

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