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Technology for Improving the Quality of Wasted Coal

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  016103,  2001 ASAE Annual Meeting. (doi: 10.13031/2013.4217) @2001
Authors:   Gwi-Hyun Lee
Keywords:   Coal, Seawater, Calorific value, Chemical characteristics, Thermal characteristics, Emission temperature

The seawater involving diverse chemical elements was mixed with wasted coals to improve the quality. The thermal and chemical characteristics of these seawater-mixed coals were investigated and compared with those of original coals. In coal samples mixed with seawater, the content of MgO, Na2O, and K2O were increased. The content of Na2O in these coal samples was greatly increased due to the sodium, which is the main component of seawater. Thus, it is expected that fusion temperatures of these coal samples were decreased. Coal samples mixed with seawater showed that the rapid weight loss was started at the lower temperature than those of original coal samples. In these coal samples, the temperatures of maximum heat emission were lowered by average 61 o C. Thus, it is suggested that some chemical constituents of the seawater act an important role on lowering the ignition temperature of wasted coal. By mixing seawater into wasted coals, the calorific values were increased. Especially, calorific values were greatly increased in the coal samples of lower quality as Baksan A and B with the improvement of 15 ~ 20%.

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