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Phenols and fuels from catalytic microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2012 Dallas, Texas, July 29 - August 1, 2012  121337333.(doi:10.13031/2013.41768)
Authors:   Quan Bu, Hanwu Lei, Shoujie Ren, Lu Wang, Yupeng Liu, Jing Liang, Yi Wei, Qin Zhang, Juming Tang, Roger Ruan
Keywords:   Keywords: biomass, activated carbon catalyst, microwave pyrolysis, phenol, guaiacol

Catalytic microwave pyrolysis of biomass using activated carbon (AC) was investigated to determine the effects of pyrolytic conditions on the yields of phenol and phenolics. The bio-oils with high concentrations of phenol (38.9%) and phenols (including phenol and alkyl substituted phenol) (66.9%) were obtained. The increase of phenols and decrease of guaiacols compared to pyrolysis without AC addition had a close relationship with the decomposition of lignin under the performance of activated carbon. The high content of phenol and phenolics obtained in this study can be used either as partial substituent of transportation fuel after hydroprocessing or as feedstock for organic synthesis and chemical industry after purification.

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