Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.

If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.

Influence of Aeration Rate on the Physio-Chemical Characteristics of Biodried Dairy Manure - Wheat Straw Mixture

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 28(3): 407-415. (doi: 10.13031/2013.41489) @2012
Authors:   M. A. Sharara, S. Sadaka, T. A. Costello, K. VanDevender
Keywords:   Biodrying, Dairy manure, Wheat straw, Energy balance

Animal manure is a prime candidate for thermochemical conversion (co-firing, gasification, and pyrolysis) except for its high moisture content. Biodrying is a promising solution to reduce manure moisture with minimum energy input. This study investigated the effects of different aeration rates; low (0.05 L/min/kg VM), medium (0.80 L/min/kgVM), and high (1.50 L/min/kgVM), on the biodrying of dairy manure mixed with wheat straw. The moisture content dropped in 21 days from 56% to 28%, 34%, and 35% wb under high, medium, and low aeration rates, respectively. The heating value of the mixture decreased from 16.19 MJ/kgdry to 14.31, 13.79, and 13.83 MJ/kgdry under high, medium, and low aeration, respectively. Evaluation of energy consumption to remove a unit mass of moisture showed that high aeration levels required the least energy input, 7.84 MJ/kgH2O, followed by low aeration at 7.93 MJ/ kgH2O, while the medium aeration had a relatively high energy cost for water removal, 9.09 MJ/ kgH2O. The high aeration level was superior in terms of both drying energy and time requirements to the other rates considered. Comparison showed that high aeration level biodrying (1.50 L/min/kgVM) exceeded the range of conventional drying energy demand. However, the ratio of external fossil fuel demand was much lower in biodrying (due to the auto-thermal effect) than in conventional drying.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)