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Assessing the Impact of Hydraulic Fracturing on Water Resources in the Fayetteville Shale Area (Arkansas, USA)

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  21st Century Watershed Technology: Improving Water Quality and the Environment Conference Proceedings, May 27-June 1, 2012, Bari, Italy  12-13860.(doi:10.13031/2013.41403)
Authors:   Aziz Abouabdillah, Mauro Di Luzio, Jackson Cothren, Malcolm D Williamson
Keywords:   Hydraulic fracturing, Oil and natural gas, SWAT model, IHA, environmental flow components

Natural gas production in the Fayetteville shale area (Arkansas, USA) might create critical levels of water discharge due to diversion of surface water used for horizontal hydraulic fracturing. In fact, each well requires between 12000 m3 and 26500 m3 of water for hydraulic fracturing and the number of wells is expected to grow in the future. This usage, combined with drinking and farming needs, could pose water resource management concerns.

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