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Examination of Gin Motes for Use in Textile Processing

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2011 Louisville, Kentucky, August 7-10, 2011  1111179.(doi:10.13031/2013.37765)
Authors:   Christopher D Delhom, Richard K Byler, Devron P Thibodeaux
Keywords:   Cotton, lint cleaner waste, sustainability, cotton byproduct, motes, yarn

Increased prices for greige cotton paired with an increase in domestic consumption of cotton and a push to increase sustainability requires a means to reduce costs for domestic textile mills while increasing the availability of raw materials to be processed and reducing the environmental impact of cotton production. Gin motes, and other cotton byproducts, are often viewed as waste materials which must be disposed of at a cost to the ginner. It is understood that some percentage of mote material is of sufficient quality to be used in textile processing. However, it is not known what amount of mote material is actually fiber of sufficient quality, nor is it understood how to best assess the mote material for determination of lint quality. Motes of various quality were collected and subjected to a battery of tests in an effort to assess both the lint quality and quantity as well as the test methods themselves. Motes were used in various combinations, up to 40% by weight, with greige cotton to produce medium count open end rotor spun yarns. The yarns were subjected to a battery of tests to assess the quality of the blended yarns. The goal of this research is to assess the potential for gin motes to be used in textile processing without reducing the overall quality of textile goods.

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