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Odor Control in Swine Buildings: Recycle Flush vs. Automated Scraper

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2011 Louisville, Kentucky, August 7-10, 2011  1111106.(doi:10.13031/2013.37740)
Authors:   David B Parker, Teng T Lim
Keywords:   Odor, total reduced sulfur, swine, GC/MS

A research project was conducted to compare odor concentrations in exhaust of traditional flush barns and barns equipped with automated scrapers. The study was conducted at commercial tunnel-ventilated swine barns in northwest Missouri. Odor samples were collected from the barn exhaust in Tedlar bags and analyzed by trained human panelists using triangular forced-choice olfactometry. Total reduced sulfur (TRS) concentrations were measured with a portable Jerome meter. Mean odor concentrations (dilutions to threshold, DT) were 75.6% lower in exhaust from scraper barns (DT = 941) than flush barns (DT = 3860) (p < 0.001). Mean recognition thresholds (RT) were 76.4% lower in exhaust from scraper barns (RT = 494) than flush barns (RT = 2095) (p < 0.001). TRS concentrations averaged 1.59 and 0.16 ppm in flush and scraper barns, respectively, for an 89.9% difference (p = 0.029). Cost to install a scraper system in a 1000-head finishing barn was $7,200. These results show that scraper barns are a practical alternative for the control of odor emitted from tunnel-ventilated swine barns.

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