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CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.5 Biomass Feedstocks, Part 3.5.1 Biocrude Oil
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.5 Biomass Feedstocks, Part 3.5.1 Biocrude Oil, pp 297-304. .(doi:10.13031/2013.36423)
Authors: D. S. Scott, R. L. Legge
Keywords: Section Headings: Definitions, Raw Materials, Methods of Production, Analyses of Typical Bio-Oils, Applications of Bio-Oil for Energy, Upgrading of Bio-Oil Fuel Characteristics, Bio-Oils as Chemical Feedstocks
First paragraph: Biocrude oil (or bio-oil for short) can be defined as the liquid fraction of the product obtained from the pyrolytic decomposition of biomass. Historically, this liquid was known as pyroligneous liquor and was an early source of several organic chemicals, principally methanol and acetic acid. The pyrolytic methods that gave this type of liquid are rarely used now and have been supplanted in the past two decades by fast pyrolysis technologies. In the following section the term bio-oil is used only for the liquid product from such fast pyrolysis processes. The other products of pyrolysis, namely char, or charcoal, and noncondensible gases, are also discussed where appropriate.(Download PDF) (Export to EndNotes)