Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.


If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.

CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.5 Biomass Feedstocks, Part 3.5.1 Biocrude Oil

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.5 Biomass Feedstocks, Part 3.5.1 Biocrude Oil, pp 297-304.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.36423)
Authors:   D. S. Scott, R. L. Legge
Keywords:   Section Headings: Definitions, Raw Materials, Methods of Production, Analyses of Typical Bio-Oils, Applications of Bio-Oil for Energy, Upgrading of Bio-Oil Fuel Characteristics, Bio-Oils as Chemical Feedstocks

First paragraph: Biocrude oil (or bio-oil for short) can be defined as the liquid fraction of the product obtained from the pyrolytic decomposition of biomass. Historically, this liquid was known as pyroligneous liquor and was an early source of several organic chemicals, principally methanol and acetic acid. The pyrolytic methods that gave this type of liquid are rarely used now and have been supplanted in the past two decades by fast pyrolysis technologies. In the following section the term bio-oil is used only for the liquid product from such fast pyrolysis processes. The other products of pyrolysis, namely char, or charcoal, and noncondensible gases, are also discussed where appropriate.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)