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CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.1 Biomass Liquid Fuels, Part 3.1.1 Ethanol and Methanol

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 3 Biomass Engineering, Part 3.1 Biomass Liquid Fuels, Part 3.1.1 Ethanol and Methanol, pp. 139-164.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.36417)
Authors:   T. Saiki, I. Karaki, K. Roy
Keywords:   Section Headings: General Properties of Ethanol, Properties of Ethanol as a Fuel, Production and Uses of Ethanol in Different Countries, Raw Materials for Ethanol, Principle of Ethanol Fermentation, Process of Ethanol Fermentation, Fermentation Technology Undergoing Research Development, Ethanol Distillation Technology, Production Process of Synthetic Ethanol, Methanol

First paragraph: Ethanol or ethyl alcohol [1, 2], which is commonly known as alcohol, is a colorless transparent liquid with a pleasant odor and burning taste. The molecular formula for ethanol is C2H5OH and the molecular weight is 46.07. It has some important physiological characteristics; for example, it is intoxicating and can be used as a sterilizing and disinfecting agent. By nature, ethanol is volatile and combustible. It mixes well with water and many other organic solvents and dissolves a number of organic chemical compounds. Because of these properties, ethanol is extensively used in drinks and foods, medicines, cosmetics and in chemical industries. Moreover, in recent years, its use as a clean substitute for petroleum fuel has been popular because it does not cause any environmental pollution and destruction. The physical properties of ethanol are shown in Table 3.1 [2].

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