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CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 2 Energy for Biological Systems, Part 2.4 Wind Energy

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 2 Energy for Biological Systems, Part 2.4 Wind Energy, pp. 100-123.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.36415)
Authors:   R. N. Clark
Keywords:   Section Headings: 2.4.1 Overview, 2.4.2 Wind Characteristics, 2.4.3 Site Analysis and Selection, 2.4.4 Types of Wind Machines, 2.4.5 Water Pumping with Wind Power

First paragraph: The use of windmills as an energy source has its roots in antiquity. Archeological and written records have shown that early forms of windmills were used by the Chinese, Egyptians, Persians, and Babylonians. Many European documents after the 13th century refer to various windmill designs; however, by the 1700s, two basic windmill designs had developed, the post mill and the tower mill [1]. The post mill consisted of a large house and a tail pole that was used to turn the structure and bring the rotor into the wind. The tower mill was more like the modern windmill in that it consisted of a rotor and tail mounted on a fixed tower. Because of the ease of orientation, the tower mills were used in locations that did not have a significant prevailing wind direction.

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