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CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 1 Natural Energy and Biomass, Part 1.1 Post-Petroleum Energy and Material

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume V Energy and Biomass Engineering, Chapter 1 Natural Energy and Biomass, Part 1.1 Post-Petroleum Energy and Material, pp. 1-3  .(doi:10.13031/2013.36409)
Authors:   O. Kitani
Keywords:   Section Headings: 1.1.1 World Population and Environment, 1.1.2 Energy and Environmental Issues

First paragraph: With the increase in world population and the rise of living standards, the demand for energy in the world is steadily increasing. Global environmental issues and exhaustion of fossil resources also pose serious problems for energy consumption. Environment friendly energy technology and a shift to nonfossil energy resources such as natural energy and biomass are expected. In this section, the issues and the prospects of biomass energy technology in the world are briefly described. To cope with increasing demands for biomass energy and feed stocks, integrated systems for biomass production, conversion, and utilization of photosynthetic resources should be developed. According to the United Nations, the world population in 2025 could reach 8.5 billion, which is almost five times that at the beginning of this century. It has doubled in the last 39 years, as indicated in Table 1.1, in contrast to the 1600 years it took after the beginning of Anno Domini to double. The primary energy consumption of the world in the same period has tripled because of the increase of both population and capita consumption (Table 1.1).

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