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CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume IV Agro Processing Engineering, Chapter 3 Fruits and Vegetables, Part 3.3 Handling Systems and Packaging
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Volume IV Agro-Processing Engineering, Chapter 3 Fruits and Vegetables, Part 3.3 Handling Systems and Packaging, pp. 291-339 .(doi:10.13031/2013.36398)
Authors: C. J. Studman
Keywords: Section Headings: 3.3.1 Postharvest Losses, 3.3.2 Postharvest Operations, 3.3.3 Handling Damage, 3.3.4 Packaging, 3.3.5 Reducing Handling Damage in the Postharvest Chain, 3.3.6 Identification of Problem Areas in Handling Systems
First paragraph: Fruit and vegetables must be transferred from the field to the table, to arrive in a state that is acceptable to the consumer. Although traditional farm- and orchard-gate sales still can provide a useful income, the increasingly lucrative demand for year-round supplies from urban dwellers and international markets requires that there has to be an increasing level of handling, transportation, and storage of products. Unlike cereals, fruit and vegetables are essentially highly perishable commodities. Most fruit and vegetable crops begin to deteriorate as soon as they are harvested, and most are particularly prone to handling damage at all times. In general, the level of susceptibility of these products to handling damage is greatly underestimated, usually because the effects of mishandling do not appear until some time after the damage occurred.(Download PDF) (Export to EndNotes)