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Downscaling Surface Temperature Image with TsHARP
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: 5th National Decennial Irrigation Conference Proceedings, 5-8 December 2010, Phoenix Convention Center, Phoenix, Arizona USA IRR10-8406.(doi:10.13031/2013.35876)
Authors: Wonsook Ha, Prasanna H Gowda, Terry A Howell, George Paul, Jairo E Hernandez, Sukanta Basu
Keywords: Downscaling, Remote Sensing, Irrigation, TsHARP, LANDSAT, MODIS, Texas High Plains
Daily evapotranspiration (ET) maps would significantly improve assessing crop water requirements especially in Texas High Plains (THP) where supply of irrigation water is limited. ET maps derived from satellite data with daily coverage such as MODIS and GOES sensors are inadequate, because their thermal pixel size is larger than individual agricultural fields. However, there exists an opportunity to use simultaneously acquired high resolution visible, near-infrared, and shortwave-infrared images from MODIS, and thermal-infrared images from other high resolutions sensors such as LANDSAT 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) or ASTER to improve spatial and temporal resolution of ET maps. Image downscaling methods are useful to improve spatial resolution by examining relationships between simultaneously acquired coarser thermal and finer non-thermal datasets. In this study, the TsHARP, an image downscaling technique, was evaluated for its capability to downscale land surface temperature (LST) images for ET mapping. LANDSAT 5 TM images taken from a southern part of the THP area were utilized to implement TsHARP. For this purpose, we developed a synthetic image with a spatial resolution of 960x960 m using TM based 120x120 m LST image. The 960x960 m resolution was used to mimic a LST image derived from MODIS thermal data. TsHARP was implemented to develop a LST image at 120x120 m resolution using a statistical relationship between LST and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Comparison of downscaled 120x120 m LST image against original LST image from TM data yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.93.Results indicate that TsHARP has the potential to be used to downscale LST images with simultaneously acquired high resolution NDVI image derived from MODIS data.(Download PDF) (Export to EndNotes)