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Lessons Gained from French R&D Programs for Pesticides Dissipation by Use of Constructed Wetlands

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  9th International Drainage Symposium held jointly with CIGR and CSBE/SCGAB Proceedings, 13-16 June 2010  IDS-CSBE-100231.(doi:10.13031/2013.32171)
Authors:   Julien Tournebize, Bernard Vincent, Cédric Chaumont, E Passeport, Christelle Gramaglia, Pascal Molle, Nadia Carluer, J.-J Gril, Denis Grison, Euzen Agathe
Keywords:   Drainage, Non point pollution, Pesticides, Co-construction, Mitigation, Constructed wetlands

Pesticide pollution is a major threat of surface water quality in France. To comply with the European Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC), authorities have decided to implement a Phyto-Pharmaceutic Products or pesticide reduction plan. It targets a 50% reduction of pesticide inputs by 2018. This plan only considers actions on farming practices and does not foresee any actions on transfers through catchments, assuming that pre-existing buffer strips are efficient. This assumption is not verified on a significant part of the territory for which complementary solutions for the control of pesticide transfer have to be found. Thanks to two R&D research programs regarding constructed wetlands, we got the opportunity to improve the state of the art, assess the performance of constructed wetlands and find economical, legal and social incentives for further nationwide extension. Two constructed wetlands were tested at both pilot and field scales. On-site wetlands were located at the outlet of sub-surface artificially drained catchments. Two contrasting regions have been chosen as well. In all cases climatic parameters, and water and pesticide flows in and out have been measured and monitored. We also recorded the conditions of implementation since we were very close to real conditions. For this purpose inquiries addressing the various actors were carried out by sociologists. The results of the performance regarding pesticide dissipation are shortly given. Sociologic approaches and amenities assessments have revealed unsuspected relations of the farmers with the society and the environment, and vice versa. The implementations have resulted in a co-construction where each actor had personal involvement. Even if co-construction should be a driving line, solutions for appropriate incentives and land reallocation tools should be discussed with politics and authorities in order to facilitate further realizations.

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