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Effect of Air Support and Spray Angle on Coarse Droplet Sprays in Ivy Pot Plants

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2010 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 20 - June 23, 2010  1009014.(doi:10.13031/2013.29782)
Authors:   Dieter Foqué, Nuyttens David
Keywords:   Spray application, air support, ornamentals, pot plants, spray deposition, spray nozzle, crop protection.

Due to the decreasing availability of authorized plant protection products, adequate pest control becomes more difficult in many ornamentals. Although much attention is given to predator-pest interactions in integrated control, almost no research is available about the optimization of spray application techniques in ornamentals. Yet, spray boom systems - instead of the still predominantly used spray guns might improve crop protection management in greenhouses considerably. Spray application technique will influence the spray deposition and as such its efficiency. In this study, the effect of air support and spray angle (-30, 0, 30) on spray deposition in Ivy pot plants was tested using a coarse droplet spray nozzle (Lechler ID 90 02 at 6.0 bar). Spray deposition was measured using a quantitative method (mineral chelates).Spray coverage was assessed by the hand of a visual method using water sensitive paper. All applications were performed in the laboratory with a fully automated spray system. Spray deposits were measured at three plant levels on the top and on the bottom side of the leaves, together with off-target depositions. The use of air support improved crop penetration and deposition on the bottom side of the leaves and reduced spray deposition in the top layer at the top side of the leaves, resulting in a more uniform spray distribution over the crop canopy. The effect of air support on crop penetration was most pronounced with the standard 0 spray angle. Without air support, spray angling improved crop penetration but not the deposition at the bottom side of the leaves.

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