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Culture of Water Pollution Control in Rural China

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  2010 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 20 - June 23, 2010  1008338.(doi:10.13031/2013.29612)
Authors:   Karen M Mancl
Keywords:   Wastewater treatment, anaerobic digestion, biogas, planning, international

Because of centuries of recycling of human and animal manure, China did not develop wastewater treatment infrastructure. The shift of viewing manure as a waste rather than a resource has resulted in extensive water pollution throughout the county. The objective of this research was to develop a model for environmental technology transfer. The proposed model considers the role of appropriate technology, legal and policy issues and the appreciation of culture. This paper will focus on the legal and policy issues. Working relationships were established at the Chinese Agricultural University and the Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences to compare the capabilities to extend environmental technology to the countryside. Oral histories of life in a rural village were also obtained from waste management professionals. This project found that the goals of the 5-year plan and campaigns to develop environmental and water resources infrastructure are key to success in developing water pollution control system is rural China. The agricultural academy presented the most direct access for rural villages to new environmental technology.

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