Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.


If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.

Spatial Distribution And Effect Of Anthropogenic Pollution Sources Along Ikpa River Under Urbanization Expansion

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  21st Century Watershed Technology: Improving Water Quality and Environment Conference Proceedings, 21-24 February 2010, Universidad EARTH, Costa Rica  701P0210cd.(doi:10.13031/2013.29415)
Authors:   Obot E Essien
Keywords:   Keyword: anthropogenic nps and ps pollution, urbanization/population pressure, degraded stream, WHO/FEPA standards

The Ikpa river and tributaries suffered point source pollution (PS) from msw leachate effluent and sewered municipal wastewater at the upstream subreach (ups) and abattoir wastewater, at the downstream subreach (dns). Other pollutants were washed into the watershed river draining the municipality by extensive overland runoff in the wet season.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)