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Comparison of Airborne Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery for Yield Estimation

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2007 ASAE Annual Meeting  071058.(doi:10.13031/2013.22897)
Authors:   Chenghai Yang, James H Everitt, Joe M Bradford
Keywords:   Hyperspectral imagery, multispectral imagery, narrow-band NDVI, principle component, QuickBird imagery, remote sensing, yield estimation

Multispectral and hyperspectral imagery is being used to monitor crop conditions and map yield variability. However, limited research has been conducted to compare the differences between these two types of imagery for assessing crop growth and yield. The objective of this study was to compare airborne multispectral imagery with airborne hyperspectral imagery for mapping yield variability in grain sorghum fields. Airborne color-infrared (CIR) and hyperspectral imagery and yield monitor data collected from four fields were used in this study. Three-band imagery with wavebands corresponding to the collected CIR imagery and four-band imagery with wavebands similar to QuickBird imagery were generated from the hyperspectral imagery. All four types of imagery (two original and two simulated) were aggregated to increase pixel size to match the yield data resolution. Principle components and normalized difference vegetation indices (NDVIs) were derived from each type of imagery and related to yield. Statistical analysis showed that the hyperspectral imagery accounted for more variability in yield than the other three types of multispectral imagery and that best narrow-band NDVIs explained more variability than best broad-band NDVIs derived from the multispectral imagery. These results indicate that hyperspectral imagery has the potential for improving yield estimation accuracy. However, further research is needed to determine the advantages and disadvantages of using hyperspectral imagery for yield estimation as compared with multispectral imagery.

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