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Hydroponics Plate-Grass: a Simple Way for Deep Treatment of Aquaculture Wastewater with High-Concentration Solids

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  2007 ASAE Annual Meeting  077093.(doi:10.13031/2013.22874)
Authors:   Jinming Pan, Huawei Sun, Andre Nduwimana, Yuanyuan Wang, Genti Zhou, Yibin Ying, Ruihong Zhang
Keywords:   Aquacultural wastewater treatment, Hydroponic, Unwoven fabric, Suspended solids, Created wetlands

Hydroponic plants can efficiently absorb and uptake soluble compounds in wastewater but they have low abilities to remove suspended solids due to the lack of culture media to trap solids. This paper presented an improved hydroponic method for effective treatment of the wastewater from the backwash of recirculating aquacultural systems. The ryegrass (Lolium perenne Lam) was cultured with improved media consisting of perforated plastic plates and several layers of unwoven cotton fabric. The plate/fabric/grass cells with one, three, five, and seven layers of fabric were studied. After one vertical filtration pass through the cells, the removals were 48, 59, 60 and 63% for total solids (TS), 48, 58, 63 and 69% for volatile solids (VS), and 4, 7, 14 and 25% for suspended solids (SS), respectively. It was found that increasing the number of vertical filtration passes through the cells improved the solids removal. The one-day treatment in the recycling irrigation and treatment system with five cells (= 0.8 m2 grass) removed 66% TS, 71% VS, and 91% SS, and absorbed 72% total nitrogen (TN), 80% total phosphorus (TP), 63% chemical oxygen demand (COD), and 85% total ammonia nitrogen (TAN). This hydroponic plate/fabric/grass system is a simple and efficient technology for the effective eco-treatment of aquacultural wastewater with relatively high concentrations of suspended solids.

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