Click on “Download PDF” for the PDF version or on the title for the HTML version.

If you are not an ASABE member or if your employer has not arranged for access to the full-text, Click here for options.

Assessing Alternative Fecal Coliform Direct Deposit Modeling Approaches

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Watershed ManWatershed Management to Meet Water Quality Standards and TMDLS (Total Maximum Daily Load) Proceedings of the 10-14 March 2007, San Antonio, Texas  701P0207.(doi:10.13031/2013.22427)
Authors:   Kyle M Hall, Brian L Benham, Kevin M Brannan, Rebecca W Zeckoski
Keywords:   direct deposit; non point source; watershed management; simulation; HSPF

When developing a bacterial impairment Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) in an upland rural watershed, in-stream direct deposition of livestock and wildlife feces is a significant bacteria source. Direct deposition (DD) is often the main bacteria source driving the reductions needed to meet water quality standards. During dry weather conditions, when DD may be the only bacteria source, low-order upland streams frequently stop flowing. However, due to limitations in water quality simulation methods, the models continue to predict flow when, in fact, either no flow or only discontinuous flow is occurring. During these low flow conditions, even small amounts of bacteria deposited directly in the stream result in predicted bacteria concentrations much higher than what would realistically occur. These erroneously high simulated in-stream bacteria concentrations are translated into the TMDL in the form of bacteria-source load reductions that are much more severe than what may be actually needed to improve water quality.

(Download PDF)    (Export to EndNotes)