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Municipal Solid Waste - A Review of Classification System

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  MBSK 06-209,  ASABE/CSBE North Central Intersectional Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.22368) @2006
Authors:   Phani K Adapa, Lope G Tabil, Greg J Schoenau
Keywords:   Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Classification System, Waste-to-energy, Reuse, Recycle, Thermal Treatment, Advanced Thermal Treatment, Landfill

The present study is performed to review existing municipal solid waste (MSW) classification systems in Canada and other countries and if desired, propose a novel classification system that could assist municipalities to make informed decisions regarding MSW processing and utilization. MSW is highly non-homogenous since it consists of residues of nearly all materials used. The content of MSW varies with location, lifestyle, season, trends in packaging, local recycling schemes and local authority collection policy. Therefore, detailed classification and quantification of MSW is desired in order to obtain accurate data concerning estimates of present and future production and composition of MSW for long-term efficient and economical waste management planning. In addition, universal classification systems are required that can be implemented by any municipality, irrespective of national or regional variations.

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