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The Effects of Chemical Treatments of Flax Fiber on Some Engineering Properties of Biocomposite

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:   No Citation available.
Authors:   Ahmad Ghazanfari, Satya Panigrahi, Lope Tabil, Jr.
Keywords:   flax fiber, biocomposite, chemical treatment, engineering properties

Abstract: Flax fiber, produced through a conventional scotching mill, was washed using a commercial detergent and then it was chemically treated using silane, benzoyle and peroxide. The chemically treated fibers were dried by an air-cabinet drier at 70 C. The dried fiber were ground and truly mixed with HDPE at a ratio of 10% flax fiber and 90% HDPE. After extruding and pelleting, the mixture was fed through a rotational molding machine and composite plates were produced. The resulting composites were tested for their various mechanical properties using standard ASTM procedures. The test results indicated that the mechanical strength of the composites was higher than the plates made from HDPE, however there was no significant difference between the mechanical strength of composites produced from various chemical treatments. The optical properties of the composites were investigated using NIR spectroscopy. The % of reflectance of the NIR at a wide range of wavelength indicated that HDPE plates were easily distinguishable, however the chemically treated composites and untreated composites were not distinguishable from each other using this technique.

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