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Non-linear Finite Element Analysis of Cone Penetration in Layered Sandy Loam Soil: Considering the Precompression stress state

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Computers in Agriculture and Natural Resources, 4th World Congress Conference, Proceedings of the 24-26 July 2006 (Orlando, Florida USA) Publication Date 24 July 2006  701P0606.(doi:10.13031/2013.22017)
Authors:   M.Z. Tekeste, E.W. Tollner, R.L. Raper, T.R. Way, C.E. Johnson
Keywords:   Finite element, Drucker-Prager, Hardpan, Precompression stress, Cone penetration

A computer simulation of cone penetration in layered soil was carried out using axisymmetric finite element (FE) to investigate soil deformation and soil hardpan prediction during cone penetration. The FE analysis was performed in ABAQUS, commercially available FE package. Soil was considered as a nonlinear elastic plastic material modeled using Drucker Prager material model with hardening option. The soil cone interaction was modeled as contact problem with frictional property. The FE analysis simulated cone penetration in soil with three bulk density treatments and three soil-cone surfaces (Metal, Tmetal and Teflon). The FE model predicted soil hardpan depths were smaller than the depths predicted using cone penetrometer method. Soil moisture, bulk density and cone material significantly affected the cone penetrometer data in predicting soil hardpan depths; however the FE results were not affected by the factors. Inclusion of the influence of preconsolidation stress into the yield stress vs. plastic strain relationship of the material hardening part of the model (NSDL-AU soil compaction model) improved the performance of FE in predicting the peak penetration resistance.

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