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9 Low Cost IT for Developing Countries

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org

Citation:  Purwadaria, Hadi K., I Wayan Budiastra, Suroso, I Wayan Astika, and D. R. Heldman. 2006. Low Cost IT for Developing Countries, Chapter 9, pp. 501-523, in CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering Volume VI Information Technology. Edited by CIGR--The International Commission of Agricultural Engineering; Volume Editor, Axel Munack. St. Joseph, Michigan, USA: ASABE.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.21697)
Authors:   H. K. Purwadaria, I W. Budiastra, Suroso, I W. Astika, and D. R. Heldman
Keywords:   Low cost IT, Developing countries, Information system, Industrialized agriculture, E-business

In developing countries, a low cost information system must be capable of reaching farmers in the villages. The cost must always be balanced against the benefits. Radio and TV are two ways to spread information. Examples of IT systems are given for many developing countries. In Indonesia, CD-ROMs and video cassettes are used to disseminate appropriate technology for small and medium enterprises. Topics covered include agricultural machinery, cropping systems, aquaculture, animal husbandry, water management and sanitation, and food processing technologies. Another example is computer software for optimum scheduling of tractor and implement operation.

Examples of IT development in agriculture are a control system for nutrient solutions, product quality evaluation using low cost image analysis, near infrared and ultrasonic systems for evaluating the internal quality of agricultural products, neural networks for forecasting rainfall runoff, controlling production and post-harvest handling, fuzzy control of tea processing, genetic algorithms for controlling fermentation processes, and watershed optimization.

All these examples are designed to provide the fullest benefit for the most people and thus to accelerate the economic growth and human welfare in developing countries.

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