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5.11 Advanced Life Support Systems in Space

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Fleisher, David H., Luis F. Rodriguez, A. J. Both, James Cavazzoni, and K. C. Ting. 2006. Section 5.11 Advanced Life Support Systems in Space, pp. 339-354 of Chapter 5 Precision Agriculture, in CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering Volume VI Information Technology. Edited by CIGR--The International Commission of Agricultural Engineering; Volume Editor, Axel Munack. St. Joseph, Michigan, USA: ASABE.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.21686)
Authors:   D. H. Fleisher, L. F. Rodriguez, A. J. Both, J. Cavazzoni, and K. C. Ting
Keywords:   Advanced Life Support (ALS), Controlled environment, Crop production, Information systems, Modeling, Systems analysis

Human life support systems for long-duration manned space missions need to be robust, reliable, self-sustaining, and efficient in terms of mass, power, and volume. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) administers the Advanced Life Support (ALS) program, in which biological systems are combined with physical and chemical technologies to accomplish these goals. Hydroponic, controlled environment production of higher plants, such as salad crops, as well as wheat, rice, white potato, and soybean, is expected to help satisfy requirements for crew nutrition, atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide recycling, potable water production, and waste treatment and resource recovery. Successful ALS systems require the development and application of information and decision support tools, growth monitoring techniques, and sophisticated analysis methods, some of which will be described in this section.

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