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2.1 Topics in Hardware Evolution

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Saraiva, Antonio Mauro, André Riyuti Hirakawa, and Carlos Eduardo Cugnasca. 2006. Section 2.1 Topics in Hardware Evolution, pp. 19-31, of Chapter 2 Hardware, in CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering Volume VI Information Technology. Edited by CIGR--The International Commission of Agricultural Engineering; Volume Editor, Axel Munack. St. Joseph, Michigan, USA: ASABE.  .(doi:10.13031/2013.21664)
Authors:   A. M. Saraiva, A. R. Hirakawa, and C. E. Cugnasca
Keywords:   Microelectronics, Spintronics, Quantum computing, Removable storage devices, Dynamic RAM, Computer memory, Display, Pervasive computer, Wearable computer

The astonishing evolution of computer systems in the last decades has two equally important components, hardware and software. Hardware has evolved dramatically and steadily, increasing in complexity, performance, quality, and reliability; decreasing in price; and spreading electronics applications to almost everything, including agriculture. Many technologies, components, and concepts that are important for the present and future of computer hardware have appeared and/or evolved. A few points related to these issues are presented on this section, which covers microelectronics trends, removable storage devices, dynamic RAM, display technologies, and new trends in computers applications, particularly the concept of computers everywhere. It is a fascinating world of which this is a tiny sample.

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