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Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Transactions of the ASAE. VOL. 40(4):1087-1095. (doi: 10.13031/2013.21361) @1997
Authors:   J. A. Millen, A. R. Jarrett, J. W. Faircloth
Keywords:   Erosion, Sediment basins, Field study, Skimmer, Barriers

The effectiveness of four sediment removal/water control treatments, each designed to dewater the 155-m3 sedimentation basin in 24 h, was evaluated using 100-m3 inflow hydrographs (35-mm, 2-yr runoff events) from a 0.4-ha denuded construction site containing 454 kg of sediment. The treatments were a perforated riser alone that discharged 26.1 kg of sediment and had an overall sediment retention efficiency of 94.3%; two internal barriers designed to trisect the basins volume with a perforated riser, significantly reduced the sediment loss below that of the perforated riser alone to 20.4 kg; a skimmer alone discharged the least total sediment at only 14.3 kg; and trisecting the basin with barriers, with the skimmer, did not improve the capture efficiency of the basin over that of the skimmer alone. All treatments removed 100% of soil particles and aggregates larger than 75 m. The basin sediment was completely mixed during the entire inflow/dewatering event and the effluent particle size distribution was the same as that observed for the influent sediment smaller than 75 m. Particle sizes retained between 0.1 and 75 m ranged from 77 to 100% with the poorest retention in the 6 to 12 m range.

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