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Characteristics of Flowing Grain-related Entrapments and Suffocations with Emphasis on Grain Transport Vehicles
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.org
Citation: . Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health 2(3):143-156. (doi: 10.13031/2013.19446) @1996
Authors: K.W. Kelley, W. E. Field
Keywords: Safety, Entrapment, Flowing grain,Wagon
A study was undertaken to estimate the frequency, contributing factors, and
characteristics associated with fatalities resulting from on-farm flowing grain
entrapments, with special attention given to grain transport vehicles (GTVs). A total of
235 cases were identified, 39 of which involved some type of GTV.
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Children, ages 2 to 16, were found to have the highest frequency of suffocation in
flowing grain, accounting for 43% of all identified fatalities. Of the identified GTV
incidents, 87% involved a child under 15 years of age. The average known age in the
GTV cases was 11 years old and overall the average known age was 32. These events
predominately occurred in the geographic region known as the “corn belt”. Seventy-four
percent of the GTV-related fatalities occurred during October and November when most
of the corn in the Midwest is harvested. Few incidents were identified outside of the
harvest period. It is clear that this type of entrapment is strongly related to the harvest
and transport of shelled corn from the field to the farm. Shelled corn was involved in 112
of 142 cases overall and in 20 of the 23 GTV cases where the material was known.
Recommendations for reducing the frequency of entrapments in GTVs are provided.