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Dielectric Properties Measurement for Agricultural Applications

Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan

Citation:  Paper number  053134,  2005 ASAE Annual Meeting . (doi: 10.13031/2013.19107) @2005
Authors:   Stuart O. Nelson
Keywords:   Dielectric properties, agricultural products, grain, moisture measurement, insect control, fruit, permittivity, dielectric constant, dielectric loss factor

A brief historical perspective on dielectric properties of agricultural products is presented, including their use for rapid measurement of moisture content in grain and in considering potential dielectric heating applications. General principles are discussed as they relate to dielectric properties of materials and energy absorption from radio-frequency and microwave electric fields. Measurement principles and techniques for determining the dielectric properties of agricultural materials are described, and appropriate references are cited for detailed information. Dielectric properties data for grain, insects, and fruit are presented that relate to applications for selective heating of insects in grain and potential maturity and quality sensing in fresh fruits and vegetables. Principles are also discussed for the use of microwave dielectric properties for sensing moisture content in grain.

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