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EFFECTIVENESS OF EVAPORATIVE COOLING OF BEEF CATTLE HOUSED IN CONFINEMENT
Published by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan www.asabe.orgCitation: Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium, 18-20 May 2005 (Beijing, China) Publication Date 18 May 2005 701P0205.(doi:10.13031/2013.18354)
Authors: JB Gaughan and LA Tait
Keywords: Cattle housing, cooling systems, heat stress
Eighteen Angus steers exposed to high heat load conditions were used to assess the effectiveness of four spray cooling systems, on reducing the effects of heat load, the impact on microclimate and water usage. The steers were housed in groups of nine in a fully enclosed shed and were exposed to high heat load conditions for four days. The cooling systems used were water applied via a hose, via overhead sprinklers, via sprinklers at leg height and via misters. The water used was approximately 31 oC and contained 3% NaCl. Fans were used to ensure adequate air movement over the cattle. The animal parameters measured were feed intake, respiration rate, panting score and behaviour. Climatic factors were ambient temperature and wet bulb temperature. Ammonia levels were also measured. The hose, overhead sprinklers and misting were successful in reducing heat load on the cattle. The leg wetting system did not work because the dominant cattle blocked access to the sprinklers. The misting system used the most water (5483 L) and the hose the least (845 L). The application of water had minor impacts on wet bulb temperature, but resulted in significant reductions in dry bulb temperatures.(Download PDF) (Export to EndNotes)